UNFPA is the lead UN agency for delivering a world where every pregnancy is wanted, every childbirth is safe and every young person's potential is fulfilled.

UNFPA supports:

1. Reproductive health care for women and youth in more than 150 countries – home to more than 80 per cent of the world’s population
2. The health of pregnant women, especially the 10-15 million who face life-threatening complications each year
3. Reliable access to modern contraceptives sufficient to benefit 20 million women a year
4. Training of thousands of health workers to help ensure at least 80 per cent of all childbirths are supervised by skilled attendants
5. Prevention of gender-based violence, which affects 1 in 3 women
6. Abandonment of female genital mutilation, which harms 3 million girls annually
7. Prevention of teen pregnancies, complications of which are a leading cause of death for girls 15-19 years old
8. Efforts to end child marriage, which could affect an estimated 70 million girls over the next 5 years
9. Delivery of safe birth supplies, dignity kits and other life-saving materials to survivors of conflict and natural disaster
10. Censuses, data collection and analyses, which are essential for development planning
April 2017

UNFPA expands the possibilities for women and young people to lead healthy and productive lives.

Since UNFPA started working in 1969, the number – and rate – of women dying from complications of pregnancy or childbirth has been halved. Families are smaller and healthier. Young people are more connected and empowered than ever before.

Too many left behind

But too many are still left behind. Nearly a billion people remain mired in extreme poverty. Sexual and reproductive health problems are a leading cause of death and disability for women in the developing world. Young people bear the highest risks of HIV infection and unintended pregnancy. More than a hundred million girls face the prospect of child marriage and other harmful practices, such as female genital mutilation.

Much more needs to be done to ensure a world in which all individuals can exercise their basic human rights, including those that relate to the most intimate and fundamental aspects of life.

Ensuring every pregnancy is wanted

Few things have a greater impact on the life of a woman than the number and spacing of her children. That’s why international agreements going back decades affirm that individuals should have the right (and the means) to freely decide when (or if) to start a family and how many children to bear. Yet, in this new century, some 225 million women who want to avoid or delay childbearing still lack access to the quality services and supplies needed to manage their fertility.

Supporting maternal health

We know how to save almost all women who die giving life. The first step is to ensure they can plan their pregnancies and space their births. Skilled birth attendance at delivery, with backup emergency obstetric care and essential supplies in place, is also critical.

Perhaps the most challenging aspect of reducing maternal death and disability is finding ways to reach all women, even those in the poorest, most remote areas, or in times of natural or man-made disasters. This involves bolstering health systems. It is also critical that pregnant women are able to access all the care they need, from prenatal HIV testing to post-natal care for newborns, at the same clinic or health centre. This approach saves money and saves lives.

Helping young people fulfil their potential

Young people from age 10-24 constitute a quarter of the world’s population (2014).  Their reproductive choices will shape future demographic trends.

UNFPA advocates for the rights of young people, including the right to accurate information and services related to sexuality and reproductive health. Empowered with knowledge and skills to protect themselves and make informed decisions, they can realize their full potential and contribute to economic and social transformation.

Investing in young people, especially adolescent girls, is one of the smartest investments a country can make. As parents, teachers and leaders of the next generation, they can help break the cycle of poverty, strengthen the social fabric and create a sustainable future.

 

UNFPA Iran at a Glance

 

UNFPA has been present in I.R. of Iran since the 1970s, working with various stakeholders; supporting the achievement of national priorities in the areas of sexual and reproductive health; as well as population and development.

UNFPA’s close collaboration with the government of Iran has resulted in improving the quality of reproductive health services, including safe motherhood, midwifery, prevention of STIs/HIV, contributing to a reduction of maternal mortality. UNFPA contributed to enhancing the capacity of the relevant stakeholders to deliver quality reproductive health services throughout the last five country programmes cycles. 

The strong and long-lasting partnership with the Statistical Center of Iran and National Organization for Civil Registration has contributed to strengthening national statistical and registration systems to collect and analyze disaggregated data, conduct of demographic studies and research including supporting academia and research institutes.

UNFPA Sixth Country Programme of Cooperation  (2017 – 2021)

The Sixth Country Programme was formulated in response to the transition in the age structure of Iran’s population and the dominance of the age group 15-64, which has offered a “demographic window of opportunity”. This provides the country with a time chance for the next four decades to accelerate its socio-economic development.  However, this opportunity will not automatically turn into demographic dividend, or in other words be of real benefit for the country. It cannot be seized unless appropriate and timely evidence-based plans and policies are formulated and implemented.

In light of the Iran’s socioeconomic status and to support achievement of national priorities, as articulated in sixth National Development Plan, National Health and Population policies, UNFPA’s Sixth Country Programme (2017-2021) was developed jointly with the I.R. Iran’s Government.

This Country Programme (CP) capitalizes on UNFPA’s comparative advantage as the lead agency that expands the possibilities for women and young people to have healthy sexual and reproductive lives.  Support is provided to reap the demographic dividend, through ensuring provision of reproductive health services to women and youth, as well as to develop family friendly policies, providing the opportunity for women to have children while participating in the workforce. Enhancing the universal access to sexual reproductive health services will further contribute to maintaining a healthy population of young people, allowing them to grow into a generation of healthy middle-aged parents and age healthily.

Availability of plans for a costed, integrated reproductive health and HIV/AIDs service package for the entire population, including for vulnerable populations and in humanitarian settings, as well as inclusion of demographic dividend and population dynamics with a focus on population ageing is the vision of success for UNFPA 6th Country Programme.

Hence the programme concentrates on advocating for the availability and implementation of relevant and informed evidence-based population and reproductive health strategies and action plans that contribute to Iran’s capacity to benefit from its existing and projected demographic profile.  This is achieved through provision of technical expertise and exchange of experience.